Tuesday, April 5, 2011

Jesus


Jesus, originally uploaded by firoze shakir photographerno1.

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Jesus at Home With The Gomes


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Jesus of Nazareth (c. 5 BC/BCE – c. 30-33 AD/CE), also referred to as Jesus Christ or simply Jesus, is the central figure of Christianity. Most Christian denominations venerate him as God the Son incarnated and believe that he rose from the dead after being crucified.[9][10]

The principal sources of information regarding Jesus are the four canonical gospels,[11] and most critical scholars find them, at least the Synoptic Gospels,[12] useful for reconstructing Jesus’ life and teachings.[13][14][15][16] Some scholars believe apocryphal texts such as the Gospel of Thomas and the Gospel according to the Hebrews are also relevant.[17]

Most critical historians agree that Jesus was a Jew who was regarded as a teacher and healer, that he was baptized by John the Baptist, and was crucified in Jerusalem on the orders of the Roman Prefect of Judaea, Pontius Pilate, on the charge of sedition against the Roman Empire.[18] Critical Biblical scholars and historians have offered competing descriptions of Jesus as a self-described Messiah, as the leader of an apocalyptic movement, as an itinerant sage, as a charismatic healer, and as the founder of an independent religious movement. Most contemporary scholars of the Historical Jesus consider him to have been an independent, charismatic founder of a Jewish restoration movement, anticipating an imminent apocalypse.[19] Other prominent scholars, however, contend that Jesus' "Kingdom of God" meant radical personal and social transformation instead of a future apocalypse.[19]

Christians traditionally believe that Jesus was born of a virgin,[10]:529–32 performed miracles,[10]:358–59 founded the Church, rose from the dead, and ascended into heaven,[10]:616–20 from which he will return.[10]:1091–109 Most Christian scholars today present Jesus as the awaited Messiah promised in the Old Testament and as God,[20] arguing that he fulfilled many Messianic prophecies of the Old Testament.[21] The majority of Christians worship Jesus as the incarnation of God the Son, one of three divine persons of a Trinity. A few Christian groups, however, reject Trinitarianism, wholly or partly, believing it to be non-scriptural.[22][23]

Judaism rejects assertions that Jesus was the awaited Messiah, arguing that he did not fulfill the Messianic prophecies in the Tanakh.[24] In Islam, Jesus (Arabic: عيسى‎ or يسوع, commonly transliterated as Isa or Yasū, respectively) is considered one of God's important prophets,[25][26] a bringer of scripture, and the product of a virgin birth; but did not experience a crucifixion.[27] Islam and the Baha'i Faith use the title "Messiah" for Jesus,[28][29] but do not teach that he was God incarnate.


See also: Jesus (name), Holy Name of Jesus, and Yeshua

“Jesus” (pronounced /ˈdʒiːzəs/) is a transliteration, occurring in a number of languages and based on the Latin Iesus, of the Greek Ἰησοῦς (Iēsoûs), itself a Hellenisation of the Hebrew יְהוֹשֻׁעַ (Yĕhōšuă‘, Joshua) or Hebrew-Aramaic יֵשׁוּעַ (Yēšûă‘).meaning "Yahweh delivers (or rescues)".[30][31]

The etymology of the name Jesus is generally explained as "God's salvation" usually expressed as "Yahweh saves"[32][33][34] "Yahweh is salvation"[35][36] and at times as "Jehovah is salvation".[37] The name Jesus appears to have been in use in Judaea at the time of the birth of Jesus.[38][37] And Philo's reference (Mutatione Nominum item 121) indicates that the etymology of Joshua was known outside Judaea at the time.[39]

In the New Testament, in Luke 1:31 an angel tells Mary to name her child Jesus, and in Matthew 1:21 an angel tells Joseph to name the child Jesus. The statement in Matthew 1:21 "you shall call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins" associates salvific attributes to the name Jesus in Christian theology.[40][41]

"Christ" (pronounced /ˈkraɪst/) is derived from the Greek Χριστός (Khristós) meaning "the anointed one", a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ (Māšîaḥ), usually transliterated into English as Messiah.[42][43] In the Septuagint version of the Hebrew Bible (written well over a century before the time of Jesus), the word Christ was used to translate into Greek the Hebrew word Māšîaḥ.[44] In Matthew 16:16, Apostle Peter's profession: "You are the Christ" identifies Jesus as the Messiah.[45] In post-biblical usage Christ became a name, one part of the name "Jesus Christ", but originally it was a title (the Messiah) and not a name.[46]
Historical context


Although a few scholars have questioned the existence of Jesus as an actual historical figure[47] most scholars involved with historical Jesus research believe his existence can be established using documentary and other evidence.[48][49][50][51][52][53] As discussed in the sections immediately below, the estimation of the year of death of Jesus places his lifespan around the beginning of the first century AD/CE, in the geographic region of Roman Judaea.[54][55][56][57][58] The New Testament also refers to the Sea of Galilee which is about 75 miles north of Jerusalem.[59]

Roman involvement in Judaea began around 63 BC/BCE and by 6 AD/CE Judaea had become a Roman province.[60] From 26-37 AD/CE Pontius Pilate was the governor of Roman Judaea.[61] In this time period, although Roman Judaea was strategically positioned between Asia and Africa, it was not viewed as a critically important province by the Romans.[62][63] The Romans were highly tolerant of other religions and allowed the local populations such as the Jews to practice their own faiths.[60]
Possible year of birth
See also: Anno Domini, Common Era, and Year zero

Two independent approaches have been used to estimate the year of the birth of Jesus, one by analyzing the Nativity accounts in the Gospels of Luke and Matthew along with other historical data, the other by working backwards from the estimation of the start of the ministry of Jesus, as also discussed in the section below.[64][5]

In their Nativity accounts, both the Gospels of Luke and Matthew associate the birth of Jesus with the reign of Herod the Great, who is generally believed to have died around 4 BC/BCE.[65][64] Matthew 2:1 states that: "Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king" and Luke 1:5 mentions the reign of Herod shortly before the birth of Jesus.[64] Matthew also suggests that Jesus may have been as much as two years old at the time of the visit of the Magi and hence even older at the time of Herod's death.[66] But the author of Luke also describes the birth as taking place during the first census of the Roman provinces of Syria and Iudaea, which is generally believed to have occurred in 6 AD/CE.[67] Most scholars generally assume a date of birth between 6 and 4 BC/BCE.[68] Other scholars assume that Jesus was born sometime between 7–2 BC/BCE.[69][70][71][72][73]

The year of birth of Jesus has also been estimated in a manner that is independent of the Nativity accounts, by using information in the Gospel of John to work backwards from the statement in Luke 3:23 that Jesus was "about 30 years of age" at the start of his ministry.[5][3] As discussed in the section below, by combining information from John 2:13 and John 2:20 with the writings of Josephus, it has been estimated that around 27-29 AD/CE, Jesus was "about thirty years of age".[74][75] Some scholars thus estimate the year 28 AD/CE to be roughly the 32nd birthday of Jesus and the birth year of Jesus to be around 6-4 BC/BCE.[3][76][5]

However, the common Gregorian calendar method for numbering years, in which the current year is 2011, is based on the decision of a monk Dionysius in the six century, to count the years from a point of reference (namely, Jesus’ birth) which he placed sometime between 2 BC/BCE and 1 AD/CE.[77] Although Christian feasts related to the Nativity have had specific dates (e.g. December 25 for Christmas) there is no historical evidence for the exact day or month of the birth of Jesus.[78][79][80]

esus' crucifixion is described in all four Canonical gospels, and is attested to by other sources of that age (e.g. Josephus and Tacitus), and is regarded as an historical event.[168][147][169]

After the trials, Jesus made his way to Calvary (the path is traditionally called via Dolorosa) and the three synoptic Gospels indicate that he was assisted by Simon of Cyrene, the Romans compelling him to do so.[170][171] In Luke 23:27-28 Jesus tells the women in multitude of people following him not to cry for him but for themselves and their children.[170] Once at Calvary (Golgotha), Jesus was offered wine mixed with gall to drink - usually offered as a form of painkiller. Matthew's and Mark's Gospels state that he refused this.[170][171]

The soldiers then crucified Jesus and cast lots for his clothes. Above Jesus' head on the cross was the inscription King of the Jews, and the soldiers and those passing bye mocked him about the title. Jesus was crucified between two convicted thieves, one of whom rebuked Jesus, while the other defended him.[170][172] Each gospel has its own account of Jesus' last words, comprising the seven last sayings on the cross.[173][174][175] In John 19:26-27 Jesus entrusts his mother to the disciple he loved and in Luke 23:34 he states: "Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do", usually interpreted as his forgiveness of the Roman soldiers and the others involved.[176][177][178][173]

In the three synoptic Gospels, various supernatural events accompany the crucifixion , including darkness of the sky, an earthquake, and (in Matthew) the resurrection of saints.[171] The tearing of the temple veil, upon the death of Jesus, is referenced in the synoptic.[171] The Roman soldiers did not break Jesus' legs, as they did to the other two men crucified (breaking the legs hastened the crucifixion process), as Jesus was dead already. One of the soldiers pierced the side of Jesus with a lance and water flowed out.[172] In Mark 13:59, impressed by the events the Roman centurion calls Jesus the Son of God.[170][179][180][171]

Following Jesus' death, Joseph of Arimathea asked the permission of Pilate to remove the body. The body was removed from the cross, was wrapped in a clean cloth and buried in a new rock-hewn tomb, with the assistance of Nicodemus.[170] In Matthew 27:62-66 the Jews go to Pilate the day after the crucifixion and ask for guards for the tomb and also seal the tomb with a stone as well as the guard, to be sure the body remains there.[170][181][182]

The Gospels state that Jesus rose from the dead on Sunday.[183] All the Gospels portray Jesus' empty tomb. In Matthew, an angel appears near the tomb of Jesus and announces his resurrection to Mary Magdalene and "another Mary" who had arrived to anoint the body.[Mt 28:1–10] Jewish elders bribe the soldiers who had guarded the tomb to spread the rumor that Jesus' disciples took his body.[184] In Luke, there are two angels[Lk 24:4] and in Mark the angel appears as a youth dressed in white.[Mk 16:5] The "longer ending" to Mark, which is known as the Markan Appendix and which did not form part of the original manuscripts,[185][186] states that on the morning of his resurrection, Jesus first appeared to Mary Magdalene.[Mk 16:9] John states that when Mary looked into the tomb, two angels asked her why she was crying; and as she turned round she initially failed to recognize Jesus until he spoke her name.[Jn. 20:11–18]

The Gospels all record appearances by Jesus, including an appearance to the eleven apostles.[187] In Mark, Jesus appears to Mary Magdalene, to two disciples in the country, and to the eleven, at which point Jesus commissions them to announce the gospel, baptize, and work miracles.[185] In Matthew, Jesus appears to Mary Magdalene and to the eleven on a mountain, at which point he commissions them to enlist followers, baptize, and teach what Jesus taught.[185] Although his own mission and his disciples' missions had been to the Jews,[Mt 15:24] here he sends the eleven to the whole world (see Great Commission). In Luke, he appears to two disciples in the country and to the eleven.[185] He proves to them that he has a body, opens their minds to understand the scripture about the Messiah, and directs them to wait in Jerusalem until they are invested with power.[185] In John, Jesus appears to Mary Magdalene and to the eleven. He demonstrates his physical reality to doubting Thomas.[139][185] Later he appears to seven disciples who are fishing, and finally talks with Peter, foretelling Peter's death[185] and assigning him the principal role as shepherd of the new community.[185][188]

In the Gospels of Mark and Luke, Jesus ascends to the heavens[Mk 16:19][Lk 24:5] after these appearances. In Luke, Jesus ascends after he blesses his disciples.[185] In Mark, the Ascension—where he sits at God's right hand—is said to have taken place, but is not described as a visible event.[185] John implies that Jesus will return to his Father[Jn. 20:17] but does not describe an Ascension.[185]

More at Wikipedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesus

East Indians of Bandra Gaothan

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Though it is commonly thought that the origin of Christianity in North Konkan, was due to the proselytizing activities of the Portuguese in the 16th Century, it was St. Bartholomew, one of the twelve Apostles of Christ, who preached in North Konkan. There are indisputable evidences of this fact by the writings of Kosmos Indicopleustes of his having seen in Kalyana a flourishing Christian Community in the 6th Century and of Jordanus, of his having labored among the Christians in Thana and Sopara in the 13th Century. The French Dominican friar Jordanus Catalani of Severac (in south-western France) started evangelizing activities in Thana and Sapora was the first work of Rome in North Konkan. Sopara was an ancient port and an international trading center. The water once extended all the way to Bhayander creek thus making the whole area extending from Arnala to Bhayander an island - referred to as Salsette island. In the time of the Buddha, Sopara (ancient Shurparaka), was an important port and a gateway settlement. Perhaps this induced Ashoka to install his edicts there. Sopara is referred in the Old Testament as Ophir, the place from which King Solomon brought gold, Josephus identifies Ophir with Aurea Chersonesus, belonging to India. Septuagint translates Ophir as Sophia, which is Coptic for India. This refers to the ancient city of Soupara or Ouppara on the western coast of India.[3]

It should then come as no surprise that contact with India dates as far back as the days of King Solomon. Pantaneus visited India about AD 180 and there he found a Gospel of Matthew written in Hebrew language, left with the Christians there by St. Barthlomew. This is mentioned by Eusebius, and by Jerome in one of his letters. The finding of a Gospel of Matthew left with the Christians by Bartholomew is very strong evidence to the existence of a Christian community in India in the first century at the time of the visit of St. Bartholomew. It traces the history of the Church in India to the first century. In fact, it is an independent confirmation of the Indian church’s ancient and apostolic origin. Most history of The Indian Church was lost between the 9th and the 14th Century, as Persia went over to the Nestorianism in 800 AD. Since the provision of Church offices and all the apparatus of public worship, was looked to a foreign source; when this foreign aid was withdrawn. the Indian Christians were reduced to "nominal" Christians.[2]
[edit] Portuguese era
Main article: History of Bombay under Portuguese rule (1534-1661)

The whole policy of the Portuguese, who came to India in 1498, was to bring the Indian Christians under their concept of Roman Catholicism.[1]

The Prabhu Brahmins and other high-class Hindus who were prudently and ceremoniously converted were treated by the Portuguese with honor and distinction.[1]

In stark contrast, was the attitude of the Portuguese to those groups who were engaged in cultivation, fishing and other rural occupations handed down to them by their ancestors. These groups were given neither education, not proper instructions in the dogmas and doctrines of the church.[1]

Among the converts the Portuguese made, it cannot be denied that a large number of them were descendants of the Christian Community founded by Apostle St. Bartholomew. But these new converts were not strangers to the old Christians.[1]

They were their own people with whom they had been living for centuries. The Portuguese however welded them into one community.[1]

Ever since then, this community has remained a separate entity, without becoming one with any of the other Christian communities. In certain instances, they were even referred to as "Portuguese Christians".[1]

The Fransiscans spearheaded evangelization efforts in the "Province of the North".[4]

Between 1534-1552, Fr. Antonio do Porto made over 10,000 converts, built 12 churches and founded a number of orphanages and monasteries. Prominent among these converts were two monks from the Kanheri Caves who came to be called Paolo Rapozo and Fransisco de Santa Maria. They in turn spread Christianity among their fellow monks converting many of them in the process.[4]

Another famous convert during this time was the Brahmin astrologer Parashuram Joshi. He was a learned, austere and devout person and embraced Christianity on September 8, 1565, taking the name of Henry da Cunha. Joshi's example was followed by 250 Hindus, including over fifty Brahmins.[4]

In Salsette, Fr. Manuel Gomes converted over 6,000 Hindus in Bandra, earning the title of the Apostle of Salsette.[4]

The number of converts in 1573 was 1,600. From 1548, the Jesuits in Bassein and Bandra converted many of the upper classes. For instance, the Bassein Cathedral registered the number of baptisms as being 9,400. At Thana, the Jesuit superior Gonsala Rodrigues baptised between 5,000 to 6,000, many of them orphans and young children of lower caste Hindus sold by their parents.[4]

By the end of the 16th century, the Roman Catholic population of the Portuguese province of the North consisted of around 10,000 to 15,000 people, centered mainly in and around Bassein.[5]

However, following the defeat of the Portuguese at the hands of the Marathas and the advent of Maratha rule, the Catholics were discriminated against by the state administration.[6]

In the aftermath of the fall of Bassein, many Catholics were heavily taxed by the Marathas who used the money to feed Brahmins and to conduct a massive re-conversion campaign aimed at bringing them back into the Hindu fold. Large numbers were re-converted in this manner.[6]

Most Portuguese priests were forced to leave and by treaty, only five churches (three in Bassein City, one in Bassein District and one in Salsette) were permitted to remain.[6]

The remainder of the Christian population was left to the native clergy under a Vicar General at Kurla. When in 1757, the Antequil du Perron visited Salsette, he found a flourishing Catholic population with many churches rebuilt and an open practise of Christianity, but with European priests totally absent.[6]

Later on the advent of the British, there came a lot of change.[1]

In the 1960s, the Archdiocese of Bombay estimated that there were 92,000 East Indians in Bombay out of which 76,000 were in suburban Bombay and 16,000 in urban Bombay.[1]
[edit] British and modern era
Main articles: History of Bombay under British rule and Bombay Presidency

On 11 May 1661, the marriage treaty of Charles II of England and Catherine of Braganza, daughter of King John IV of Portugal, placed Bombay in the possession of the British Empire, as part of Catherine's dowry to Charles.[7] From the early days of the East India Company, there were no other Indian Christians in the North Konkan except the East Indian Catholics. Employments that were intended for the Christians, were the monopoly of the East Indians. With development, came in railways and steamship, a boon for the traveling public. And with that came a number of emigrants from Goa who were also known as Portuguese Christians. The British found it expedient to adopt a designation which would distinguish the Christians of North Konkan who were British subjects and the Goan and Mangalorean Catholics who were Portuguese subjects. Accordingly on the occasion of The Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria, the Christians of North Konkan, who were known as "Portuguese Christians" discarded that name and adopted the designation "East Indian”. By the adoption of the name "East Indian" they wanted to impress upon the British Government of Bombay that they were the earliest Roman Catholic Subjects of the British Crown in this part of India, in as much as Bombay, by its cession in 1661, was the first foothold the British acquired in India. As the children of the soil, they urged on the Government, that they were entitled to certain natural rights and privileges as against the emigrants.[2]


Architecture and Cuisine

The ordinary Koli house comprises a verandah (oli) used for repairing nets or the reception of visitors, a sitting-room (angan) used by the women for their household work, a kitchen, a central apartment, a bed-room, a gods' room (devaghar), and a detached bath-room.[8]

The East Indian cuisine is a unique blend of Koli, Maharashtrian, and Portuguese cuisine.
[edit] Language and Literature

East Indian Catholics speak the Marathi, which they retained as their mother tongue despite the Portuguese influence. The Marathi language is central to the community's identity. Murphy author of Trans. Bomb. Geog. Soc., 1836–38, Vol. I. mentions the dialect of Marathi spoken by the East Indians of Salsette, Mahim, Matunga and Mazagon, which enters very largely into the language spoken by the Kulbis, Kolis, Bhandaris, Palshes, Prabhus, Panchkalshis, Kuparis, Vadvals. This was probably Konkani.[9] Some of the East-Indian higher families and in the Khatri ward of Thana town village speak Portuguese.[10] 110 Portuguese lexical items are found in Marathi.[11]
[edit] Traditions and Festivals

Although, they have preserved their pre-Christian Marathi culture and traditions, many Portuguese and influences have been absorbed. They still retain many of the practises of pre-Christian tradition.[12] East Indian ladies wear ornaments like the Mangalsutra, and Bindi. The East Indians of Vasai also practise the pre-Christian tradition of visiting the Vajrayogini temple every year.
[edit] Costumes and Ornaments

The traditional dress for the female is the lugra or kashta saree and for male is a khaki short pant and white banian. A Koli Christian bridegroom usually wears a dilapidated Portuguese Admiral's uniform, which is specially preserved and lent out on such occasions.[8]

In the olden days, East Indian women wore a blouse and cotton lugra the hind pleats tucked into the waist at the back centre of the legs, while the girls do not make use of the upper portion of the sari covering the head and breast until they are married. This mode of wearing the sari is known as sakacch nesane as opposed to gol nesane the round or cylindrical mode of wear. The latter is popular among young girls and women.[13]

Formerly, women among the well-to-do used to wear for the head, like rnuda, rakhadi, kegada, phul, gulabache phul and chandrakora, for the neck, such as thushi, galasari, Putalyachi mal; and tika; for the ears the bugadi, karaba; kudi, kapa and ghuma; for the nose, nath, phuli, moti.[14] Mangalsutras (wedding necklace), made of the black beads being stringed together in different patterns.[14]
[edit] Historical Society

There are five broad cultural groups of East Indians —- Kulbis, Samvedi Christians (commonly called Kuparis), Koli Christians, Wadvals, Salsette Christians and the urbanized section.[2]
[edit] Songs and Music
“ Galen sakhali sonyachi,

Yee pori konachi,
Whose daughter is this?

Galen sakhali sonyachi,

Yee pori konachi,
Whose daughter is this?

Yachi aais bhi teacher, Ani bapus bhi teacher,
Her mother is teacher, and father too is a teacher,

Yee pori konachi
Whose daughter is this?

Yachi aais bhi teacher, Ani bapus bhi teacher,
Her mother is teacher, and father too is a teacher,

Yee pori konachi
Whose daughter is this?


—Folk-song "Galen Sakhali Sonyachi"

I Complete 179008 Photo Blogs at Flickr.com

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kolis


The Koli community is an ethnic group found throughout India. Kolis are found in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and rest of India. In Maharashtra they are found in the coastal regions of Maharashtra. They are also one of the original inhabitants of Greater Mumbai, which comprises the seven islands of Bombay.[1] In Gujarat, the Koli community is mainly located in the southern portion of the state, particularly around the cities of Surat, Navsari and Valsad and they primarily speak Gujarati. Most are farmers or fishers, as in Mumbai and Maharashtra.

In Maharashtra the Kolis almost exclusively speak Marathi, though some Koli communities speak a variant dialect of Marathi. The Kolis of Mumbai are dispersed all over the city, especially along the western coast of the city. The Kolis of Vasai are Hindu and Christian, though both belong to the Marathi ethnic group. The community has several subcastes, the prominent ones are Koli Kolis, Mangela Kolis, Vaity Kolis, Koli Christians, Mahadeo Kolis, Suryawanshi Kolis.

In 1901 the number of Kolis in all India was returned as nearly 3.75 million, but this total includes a distinct weaving caste of Kolis or Kori in Northern India. Presently Kolis are estimated to be more than twenty percent of the total population of Gujarat.

Weaving caste of Kolis or Koris in Northern India located in Rajasthan (Mahawar Kolis), UP, MP. Now a few of them have adopted Verma or Gupta as their surname.

The estimate of the Koli population in Gujarat is based on 1931 enumeration which is the last time caste based enumeration was taken in India.

In nineteenth century, many Koli people were engaged in works at textile mills in Bombay under British administration. The word Coolie in the English language has been derived from the name of this community at that time.[2]‌



Kolis from around Mumbai worship the goddess Ekveera situated at the Karla caves, Malavli, Lonavla. This goddess is worshipped the most on Chaitra Purnima (15th day of first month in the Hindu calendar).


Koli is the language spoken by Kolis in Mumbai. Marathi is another language spoken by Agri-Koli in the interior parts of Mumbai. It is a mixture of Marathi, Sanskrit, Hindi, English and Kannada language. The Agri language is a unique language, pleasant to hear and produces a sense of comedy which is reason why few Indian writers include Agri characters in their plays—to increase the level of comedy and fun.

In earlier times, the Kohlis were living in Gujarat which is a state of India. Their names were associated with the place they lived, Kohli's of Wagad are called Wagadia Kohli, and Kutchhi Kohli (Kohlis from Rann of Kutch). As Rann of Kutch extends upto Pakistan, the Kutchhi Kohlis are also in Pakistan.

Kutchi Kolis in Pakistan The Koli Hindu tribes are located in southeastern Pakistan. They are primarily concentrated in the fertile flood plain of Sindh State. There are several major subdivisions of Koli in that area, including the Parkari Koli, the Wadiyara Koli, the Kutchi Kohli and the Tharadari Koli. Kutchi Koli tribe known by different names as Kutchi Koli, Wagedia Koli, Kutchi Wagedia.
[edit] Koli folk dance & songs

The koli community has its own distinct identity and lively dances. The dance incorporates elements that this community is most familiar with - sea and fishing. The dance is performed by both men and women divided into two groups, where fishers stand in two rows holding oars in their hands. The dancers move in unison, portraying the movement of the rowing of a boat. Fisherwomen are in the opposite rows with their arms linked and advancing towards men folk. The separate formation then break up and they dance together with movements symbolizing the waves, the breakers and rowing from cliff to cliff and casting of nets to catch the fish.

There are many koli songs which are famous all over India. Some known once are as follows. Aga Pori Sambhaal Dariyala Tufaan Ayalay Bhari; Gorya wer Basali ; Me Hai Koli ; Chikna Chikna ; Dang Ding ; Lal lal pagote ; Chandnan Chandnya ; Dirki la bombil; Maza Kombra ; Me Dolker ; Haldin Bharlay ; Dol Doltai ; Nach go Nach ; Galyat Sakali ; Paru go Paru ; Lai Lai Liakarni ; Gomu Tuze Dadan Go; Vadal Wara ; Valav re Nakva ;
[edit] Koli Festivals

Narali punaw: This is “The day” for kolis. As per traditions kolis know that after this day the wind strength and direction changes in favor of fishing. This is the day when kolis celebrate the kick off of new business season. This is the day when they pray to god sea and make puja of their boats and begins their fishing season. There are songs for this occession as..san aaila go narali punvecha...

Shimga - Shimaga means holi in koli accent haa-wa-li. Holi and Koli goes long way. It is one of the most important Festival for Kolis. There are many koli songs for this occession

Thank You Uncle Shahid Afridi



















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www.dnaindia.com/sport/report_indian-players-don-t-have-l...

“If I have to tell the truth, they (Indians) will never have hearts like Muslims and Pakistanis. I don’t think they have the large and clean hearts that Allah has given us,” Afridi said during a talk show on Samaa news channel.

“It is very difficult for us to live with them (Indians) or to have a long-term relationship with them. Nothing will come out of talks. See how many times in the past 60 years we have had friendship and then how many times things have gone bad,” he said. The audience in the studio applauded him repeatedly.

And in reply

We would rather be Indians than be the kind of Muslims you are watching Sufi shrines being bombed by fanatic Muslims bought up on hate for other Muslim sects , killing of Shias bombing their mosques I guess Mr Afridi with your Wahabbi leanings it might not be possible for you to see all this..

We in India are proud to show the positive values of our collective Islamic ethos on the soul of Humanity.

Your words are an insult to me and the rest of us Muslims all over India.


Losing the match with India or was it losing the World Cup under your insipid captain-ship seems to have personally hit you hard luckily your words dont reflect the wisdom of the people of Pakistan who want peace and hope with their Indian neighbor.

I positively think

Allah Hafiz


my new poem

shahid afridi
a lousy loser
a cricket tragedy
a racist a bigot
anti Indian
Pakistani
personality
as a cricket
captain
a failure
on the field
off the field
an insult
to Muslims
all over
the world
an insult
to humanity
a kick up
his butt
is what
he deserves
in all
reality
why why
did you
delete your tweet
dear sweet sonakshi
at least in india
the muslims here
dont kill
muslims bomb
sufi shrines
kill shias
or people
or other minority
we as Muslims
in a Hindu land
are totally free
living under
the shade of
Mother India
a great
banyan tree
no gilani
or zardari
yes it is true
as Indian muslims
we are certainly
not part
of your biradri

We May Have Won The World Cup But We Are Million Light Years Away From Removing Poverty and Pain

179,008 items / 1,405,465 views

This is a very common sight and it is easily visible close to my workplace , this family makes limbu and chilly combination held on a string with charcoal to ward off evil, and you can see this hanging from shops homes , but not on the necks of truant Casanova type husbands.. two timers etc..The Indian Male over sexed testosterone, is a rare breed , and that is why no country in the world is ever complete without an Indian adding to its population , our end it is adding adding and adding only.


My picture frame story Hunger was shot here I did not write a poem or write any extra text , we all know feel understand hunger our birth epitomizes hunger, next to where they sit is the Vodafone gallery some lovebirds must have given their left overs to them that they were eating along with the paper plates.


And because I had a telly lens I could capture in silence their human angst without getting involved with them.This is a huge family the women are perennially pregnant and the men are not oversexed ,they are practical realistic shrewd and conniving.. a new born child brings his food along with him , he brings food for the rest of the family too..

If you shoot beggars like Dr Glenn Losack MD you will know the meaning of life after death, both cling to each other on the mean streets.


When I started learning photography almost a decade back I shot anything everything, trigger happy and it was not easy for me like many others too I was mostly shooting slides and black and white on Delta Ilford, spending humongous amount on camera lens accessories .

And the digital changed it all .. luckily I miss film but I dont shed tears and it is a memory I treasure but it is not a treasure trove , digital made me a blogger away from analogue away from the regressive prehistoric mentality of old masters and camera clubs.

I was reborn I became a butterfly and I had colorful wings I attracted others others attracted me and it has been 6 years now blogging the soul of humanity.

The blog made me a writer a poet a dreamer too, I met other dreamers like me Jeff Lamb from Ann Arbor who passed away recently, friends from Texas like Fred Miller I met a cat lover Anthony Posey from New Orleans Ben Bell, Eric Parker ,Randy Der .

Glenn Losack is family he taught my grand daughter photography and blessed her with a Nikon D 80.. grand daughter now is the worlds youngest street photographer 3 year old in pre primary.. will soon be attending Apostolic Carmel Convent Bandra.

This bonding camaraderie was simply possible because of inspirational source of the blogs..we swam together we kept afloat different strokes so to speak.

Today there are friends on the internet we dont talk anymore but yet we have mutual respect for each other , it was time to move on from Buzznet to Flickr to Twitter and Facebook we did.

The internet became a world beyond borders and blog was a domain that was beyond caste color or creed , we were individuals we were one for our passion for photography and blogging.


Blogging gave a good bye kiss on the posteriors of pedantic photographers pompous photographers who held on to the swampy soul of the wet lab.. who refused to see the brighter more futuristic side of the digital era .. and honestly without denigrating the beautiful memories of the camera club , I am a product of the camera club.. where is the camera club?


This is a blog has no method no singular alignment it shoots a picture of a beggar and launches into a tirade of life and death after life...yes the power of the blog cannot be underestimated it was not Facebook or Twitter that rocked the cradle of humanity dictators and despots and warlords ..It was the BLOG..


And camera clubs at least the few I know dont think much of photo bloggers similarly like the media we are a threat to their existence of Truth.. we may be liars but we do it with convincing sincerity that we shake the very pedestal that the statue stands on.

And the crux of camera club photography is making money becoming Atual Kasbekar Harish Dafftary and so many celebrity cult photographers to name a few. I know both of them.. great human beings no doubt.

And I am not bullshitting it was this attitude that made me turn my back completely on camera clubs.. doomed camera clubs living in a glorious past and not trying to come out of it... the light would blind them so hence they wear blinkers too.

Photography today thanks to the digital and the mobile phone has gained a popular notoriety , people love to post their pictures , and without realizing the blog is born.. on the web in humility and gratitude.

Blogs might have broken up marriages but it saved Mankind thanks to Google God and Facebook the Archangel with spread wings.. and other lesser saints of the cybernet like Twitter.. a lower order microblog Angel partial only to Hollywoods and Bollywood brats and beauties ...politicians too joined the bandwagon.. from the frying pan into the fire.

Today Indi Blogger the best place called home for Bloggers I have a great equation with the Indian King of Blogs Renie Ranvin , he has paid me a hefty advance to make his wedding wardrobe in case if her ever gets accidentally married away to a Blog Goddess..swept away so to speak from his eponymous entrenched bachelorhood.

And I made Guru Girish Mistrys wedding clothes in 4 hours I rushed in with his clothes before the auspicious time before he his wheelchair and his beautiful wife became one.. he has never forgotten me for this very reason... and I keep telling his young son who is 5 years old and teaches at the Shari Digital Institute to keep away from my 3 year old genius of a street photographer Marziya Shakir.. wife hates blogs and photographers one stream she does not want running in the family.

And before I close this I would like to say photography is passe cliche and becoming a blogger makes you a Raymonds complete man..blogging makes you a writer a columnist a poet even a photographer without a camera.

And this is dedicated to Dostoevsky Dickens and Balzac who taught me to shoot pictures like them.. shadows and light silhouettes without words.. in my case.

Yes we won the World Cup..Thank you Dhoni and Team India

And I shall go on shooting beggars Ad infinitum

"Me and You and a Dog Named Boo"

179,008 items / 1,405,447 views

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Roland Kent Lavoie, better known by the stage name Lobo (born July 31, 1943), is an American singer-songwriter who was successful in the early 1970s, scoring several U.S. Top 10 hits, including "Me and You and a Dog Named Boo", "I'd Love You to Want Me" and "Don't Expect Me to Be Your Friend"

Early career: 1960s

Born in Tallahassee, Florida, Lavoie was raised by his mother in Winter Haven, Florida with his six siblings. He began his musical career in 1961 as a member of a local band, The Rumours. The band included Gram Parsons and Jim Stafford, as well as drummer Jon Corneal, who later joined Parsons' International Submarine Band.

In 1964, while attending the University of South Florida, Lavoie joined a band called the Sugar Beats and met producer Phil Gernhard. He recorded a regional hit for the band, a cover of Johnny Rivers' song, "What Am I Doing Here".

During the 1960s, Lavoie performed with many other bands, including US Male, The Uglies, and Me and the Other Guys. It was in the latter band that he met musician Billy Aerts, who became a member of Lobo's touring band in the early 1970s and produced Lobo's comeback album in 1989.

Again working with Gernhard, his first solo record was released in 1969 on Laurie Records. It included the original tracks "Happy Days In New York City" backed with "My Friend Is Here".

By 1971, Lavoie had started calling himself Lobo (Spanish for wolf). Gernhard was an executive for Big Tree Records, and the company released his first single, "Me and You and a Dog Named Boo". The first major hit for the label, it reached number 5 in the US and launched a successful series of singles. The song also reached number 4 in the UK. It sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc in September 1971.[1]

His debut album, Introducing Lobo, followed that May. In June 1971 his second single, "She Didn't Do Magic", was released. In September of the same year, "California Kid And Reemo" was released, followed by The Albatross. When Big Tree Records merged with Bell Records, Lobo's second project album Close Up was never released.

Under the Lobo alias, he released Of a Simple Man in 1972, which included back-to-back U.S. Top 10 hits, including "Don't Expect Me To Be Your Friend", which reached number 8 in the US charts in the winter of 1973, and "I'd Love You to Want Me". The latter became Lobo's biggest hit, climbing to number 2 on the Billboard charts in 1972, and internationally reaching number 1 in Germany, and in the United Kingdom it peaked at No. 5 in July 1974. Another million seller it was granted gold disc status in November 1972.[1]

With the release of Calumet in 1973, Lobo had three more Top 40 hits: "It Sure Took a Long, Long Time," "How Can I Tell Her" and "Standing at the End of the Line." He made an appearance on American Bandstand that year. There were two further minor hit singles from the album, "There Ain't No Way" and in 1975 "Standing At The End Of The Line"

In June 1974 Lobo's fourth album, Just A Singer, was released. It was the first album by Lobo to contain tracks not written by Lobo. The only single from the album was "Rings". "Don't Tell Me Goodnight" in 1975 became his last Top 30 single for Big Tree. Lobo also released the album, A Cowboy Afraid Of Horses with "Would I Still Have You" released as a single. The label followed it up with a compilation album that year entitled "The Best of Lobo".

In 1976, Lobo broke away from Big Tree, releasing the album Come With Me in Europe on the Philips label. "At First Sight" was the single. Neither were released in US.

1977 Lobo signed with Curb Records in 1977 releasing from the album the single "Afterglow", co-produced by Lobo and Gernhard and in 1978 "You Are All I Ever Need".

In 1979, Lobo was signed to MCA Records, where he worked with producer Bob Montgomery releasing the single "Where Were You When I Was Falling In Love", which reached #23. He also released his first US album in four years, Lobo. Other singles for Curb were "Holding On For Dear Love", "With A Love Like Ours" and "Fight Fire With Fire".

Reportedly dissatisfied with the production of his records, Lobo sought a release from his Curb contract. He moved to Nashville and in 1981 he started his own label, Lobo Records, and released several singles including "I Don't Want To Want You", written by his brother, Roger Lavoie, "Come Looking For Me" and "Living My Life Without You" charting in the country charts.

Lobo Records became Evergreen Records in 1985. The label released two of his singles, "Am I Going Crazy" and "Paint The Town Blue", the latter a duet with Robin Lee.
[edit] 1990s–2000s

Although far less followed in the United States, Lobo's popularity grew in Asia, fanned by the release of his greatest hits compilations in 1987 and 1988. This encouraged him to release in 1989, his first new album in 10 years, entitled Am I Going Crazy. It was recorded in Taiwan on UFO/WEA records and was produced by Billy Aerts. He signed a multi-album deal with PonyCanyon Records in Singapore, and in 1994 released Asian Moon, repackaging some of the tracks from Am I Going Crazy along with newly recorded marterials. His follow up album Classic Hits in 1995 were re-recordings of Lobo hits and some cover versions. in 1995. In 1996 he released the album Sometimes containing all new original songs.

On another Asian label, Springroll Entertainment, he released You Must Remember This in 1997, an album of pop standards that was released in two formats, one with vocals and the other with instrumental tracks.

In 2000, Lobo signed with a German record company, Gmbh Entertainment, and recorded a few tracks for various Hits CDs. He also co-wrote two Christmas songs with Billy Aerts, "A Big Kid's Christmas" and "Late Christmas Eve", which have been released on various Christmas compilations from 2000 to present. Singles recorded during this period include "Let It Be Me", "Who'll Stop The Rain" and "Different Drum".

In 2006 based on his Asian popularity, he toured in Southeast Asia.

In 2008 Lobo released Out of Time which featured old favorites and some new songs. A tribute album to the original era of the early Lobo recordings, was made available from the website Fansoflobo.com.

I Complete 179008 Photo Blogs at Flickr.com

The Second Hand Shoe Shop Bandra

Hunger


Hunger, originally uploaded by firoze shakir photographerno1.

Hunger


Hunger, originally uploaded by firoze shakir photographerno1.

Hunger


Hunger, originally uploaded by firoze shakir photographerno1.

i am noting HUNGER on facebook

i am noting HUNGER on facebook

Hunger


Hunger, originally uploaded by firoze shakir photographerno1.

Hunger


Hunger, originally uploaded by firoze shakir photographerno1.

Hunger


Hunger, originally uploaded by firoze shakir photographerno1.

178,985 items / 1,404,943 views

I stood stunned and went on shooting the myriad moods of hunger...it was like reading a poem of life under a candle light as the power had gone off..

Hunger


Hunger, originally uploaded by firoze shakir photographerno1.

Hunger


Hunger, originally uploaded by firoze shakir photographerno1.

178,981 items / 1,404,941 views

I stood stunned and went on shooting the myriad moods of hunger...it was like reading a poem of life under a candle light as the power had gone off..

Dhool Ka Phool

Mobile Solutions

Yeh Woh Nanhe Phool Hain Jo Bhagwan Ko Lagte Pyare

I am the street of life resurrection and hope

If I Stopped Shooting Pictures I Would Die

178,972 items / 1,404,917 views


A hundred souls cried out, but
we are yours, we are yours, we are yours.
You are the light
that spoke to Moses and said
I am God, I am God, I am God.
I said Shams-e Tabrizi, who are you?
He said, I am you, I am you, I am you.

rumi

Man


Man, originally uploaded by firoze shakir photographerno1.

I always thought that
I was me — but no,
I was you
and never knew it.

rumi

Man


Man, originally uploaded by firoze shakir photographerno1.

I died as a mineral and became a plant,
I died as plant and rose to animal,
I died as animal and I was Man.
Why should I fear? When was I less by dying?

rumi

My God, my God, why have You forsaken me?"

This Cross Too Is On The Hit List

178,963 items / 1,404,908 views


The Lord is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? The Lord is the stronghold of my life; of whom shall I be afraid? Though an army encamp against me, my heart shall not fear; though war rise up against me, yet I will be confident. (Psalm 27: 1, 3)

Those who love me, I will deliver; I will protect those who know my name. When they call to me, I will answer them; I will be with them in trouble, I will rescue them and honor them. With long life I will satisfy them, and show them my salvation. (Psalm 91:14-16)

गुढीपाडव्याच्या हार्दिक शुभेच्छा

178,961 items / 1,404,896 views


मराठी अस्मिता, मराठी मान, मराठी परंपरेची मराठी शान,
सोन्याचा दिवस घेवून येईल तुमच्या जीवनात चैतन्याची खाण,
तुम्हा सर्वांना व सर्व नागरिकांना नववर्षाच्या व मराठी अस्मिता, मराठी मान, मराठी परंपरेची मराठी शान,
सोन्याचा दिवस घेवून येईल तुमच्या जीवनात चैतन्याची खाण,
तुम्हा सर्वांना व सर्व नागरिकांना नववर्षाच्या व गुढीपाडव्याच्या हार्दिक शुभेच्छा

Flower Sellers Gudi Padwa

178,961 items / 1,404,896 views

She sells fruits at the Bazar at Bandra but today since last late night she has been making flower garlands an you can be sure this woman of substance will not be covered by the snooty journos of DNA and Hindustan times..

So as a blogger I pay tribute to them and the children of a lesser god..who are an integral part of the world I live and photographically document .

And their Gudi Padwa is a working day with no break.

Inhi Ke Hathon Se Ap Bhagwan Ko Makhan Lagate Ho

178,961 items / 1,404,896 views

inkie hathon
se bane
phoolon se
unko bhet
chadate ho
bhagwan
ka dil
behalate ho
woh deta hai
tum pate ho
jo wo khilatha
tum khate ho
gudi padwa
manate ho
gudi
chat par
chadate ho
khushiyon ka
har banate ho
phule nahi
samate ho
sms
bhej bhej kar
mobile wale
seth logon ko
aur paiswala
banate ho
3 g spectrum
ki jai ho
jiyo aur
jine do
piyo aur
pine do
dil pe lage
bura mat lo
me mumbaikar
mee marathi
jai maharashtra
jai ho

Gudi Padwa BJP Office Bandra Hill Road

178,955 items / 1,404,887 views


Shant niwant shishir sarala.
Salsalata hirwa vasant aala.
Kokilechya suravatee sobat, chaitra"PADVA" dari aala.
"Nutan Varshabhinandan

Swagat nav varshache.
Asha aakankshache.
Sukh samruddhiche, padata dwari paaul GUDHICHE.
"Happy Gudipadwa"

From Advocate Ashish Shelar BJP spokesman and Corporator

Gudi Padwa Ram Mandir Bandra Bazar Road

178,952 items / 1,404,884 views

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Gudi Padwa or Gudhi Padwa (Marathi: गुढी पाडवा often mis-pronounced as guDi padwa because ढी sounds like डी while speaking) is the Marathi name for the Hindu holy day of Chaitra Shukla Pratipada.[1] It is celebrated on the first day of the Chaitra month to mark the beginning of the New year according to the lunisolar Hindu calendar. It is theorized that Padwa is the origin of the term "Pagwah", a synonymous title used in Guyana and Trinidad for Holi.


Known as Gudhi Padwa in Maharashtra, this festival is also known as[1]

* Samvatsar Padvo among Hindu Konkanis of Goa[2]
* Yugadi among the rest of Konkani diaspora in Karnataka and Ugadi in Andhra pradesh[citation needed]

In other parts of India[1] this festival is celebrated during

* Ugadi in Andhra Pradesh
* Yugadi in Karnataka
* Cheti Chand among the Sindhi people


The word padwa is derived from the Sanskrit word Pratipada[citation needed] for first day of a lunar month i.e. first day after new moon day (Amavasya). A Gudhi is also erected on this occasion giving this festival its name. The term padwa or padavo is also associated with Balipratipada the third day of Diwali[citation needed] which is another celebration that comes at the end of the harvesting season.
See also: Balipratipada


On Gudi Padwa, a gudi is found hanging out of a window or otherwise prominently displayed in traditional Maharashtrian households. Gudi is a bright green or yellow cloth adorned with brocade (zari) tied to the tip of a long bamboo over which gathi (sugar crystals), neem leaves[citation needed], a twig of mango leaves and a garland of red flowers is tied. A silver or copper pot is placed in the inverted position over it. This gudi is then hoisted outside the house, in a window, terrace or a high place so that everybody can see it.

Some of the significances attributed to raising a Gudhi are as follows:

* Gudhi symbolizes the Brahmadhvaj (translation: Brahma’s flag) mentioned in the Brahma Purana, because Lord Brahma created the universe on this day. It may also represent Indradhvaj (translation: the flag of Indra).[3]
* Mythologically, the Gudhi symbolizes Lord Rama’s victory and happiness on returning to Ayodhya after slaying Ravan. Since a symbol of victory is always held high, so is the gudi (flag). It is believed that this festival is celebrated to commemorate the coronation of Rama post his return to Ayodhya after completing 14 years of exile.[3]
* Maharashtrians also see the Gudhi as a symbol of victory associated with the conquests of the Maratha forces led by Chhatrapati Shivaji. It also symbolizes the victory of King Shalivahana over Sakas and was hoisted by his people when he returned to Paithan.[3]
* Gudhi is believed to ward off evil, invite prosperity and good luck into the house.[3]

The Gudhi is positioned on the right side of the main entrance of the house. The right side symbolizes active state of the soul.[1]
[edit] Festivities

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