Friday, November 16, 2012
Yes we protest
as we beat our chests
scourge our back
that needs no rest
bleeding from the head
that we do best
blasting to smithereens
the fascists nest
the neo yazidi brigades
aping the west
we truly whole heartedly
yes we are shias
you have rightfully guessed
with our rites our rituals
in black we are dressed
with a pain we are blessed
hussainiyat v/s yazidiyat
1400 year old contest
hussain is humanity
for the underprivileged and the oppressed
moharam a movement against terrorism
riding the crest
KARBALA me khara
Hazrat Imam Hussain ka akheri sajda dhek raha tha
Achanak Asmaan ki Taraf Dekha or Kaha:
“Teri KHUDAI ko
Ghor se to aj dheka hy,
Kahan Maloom tha!
k Noor-e-Alam aisy hoty hain
INKAAR kabhi na karta Main,
Agar Muj ko Pata Hota, INSAN aisey hotey hain.
KHOON MAIN DOBY HUEIN HAIN AULAD_E_NABI KEY LASHAIN…. MAIN KYSE KAH DOON TUMHAIN NAYA SAAL MUBARAK ….
“Khoon-e-HUSSAIN main bheegi hui hay MUHARRAM ki har sham, Ap hi batao main kaisay kahon NAYA SAAL MUBARIK HO ?
166,391 items / 1,305,758 views
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hallaur or Hallor (Urdu, Persian and Arabic: هلور, Hindi: हल्लौर, Bhojpuri: हलूर) is a town or a big village in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, situated near the banks of Rapti river. Residents of Hallaur are referred as Hallauri.
The Place of Rizvi Syed (Sayyid). The name was derived from Chapter Hal-ata (Al-Insan) of Holy Quran by Meer Syed Shah Abdur Rasool (Meera Baba). The place has a post office with PIN 272191 and homeopathic and Ayurvedic dispensaries and maternity home run by State government. Bhatangwan village was merged into Hallaur and De facto became a part of Hallaur.
It is 44 kilometers northwest of Siddharthnagar district and 44 kilometers north of Basti district headquarters, neighboring Domariaganj its headquarters. Its one of the biggest village of the district and hence sometimes because of its vast area is referred as a town by local people of Siddhartha Nagar. Hallaur bazaar, a weekly Shopping Market is the backbone of all trading activities of the area. The bazaar was established in 1882 by Meer Akber Husain a prominent figured Landlord and elderly person of old Gorakhpur district. Hallaur is considerably a known place in literacy and other infrastructural developments in entire district. Hallaur came into light after the advent of Meer Syed Shah Abdul Rasool (Meera Baba) who is believed to have been migrated from the area of Tous Persian city Mashhad to propagate real Islam in this part of world. Many Shiites of central Asia took refuge in India and Syed Nizam Mashhadi forefather of Meer Shah Abdul Rasool (Meera Baba) was prominent one. In later period (after two hundred years from arrival of Meera Baba) few people settled in village Pandri, a remote area of Gonda district started coming Hallaur. However the claim that Pandri Clan is related to Meera Baba is yet to be established and testified. Other relatives of Pandri Clan were settled in Sisai, Piraila, Bhuigawan, Bangawan, Pokhra, Anduan, bagahwa etc., later migrated from their native places and settled in Hallaur within last 75 years.
One of the all-time great legendary Urdu poets of Hallaur Allamah, Samar Hallauri, has described Hallaur in the following lines written by him:
“Daamaan e Koh-e-Himalaya me hai Hallaur Aabad,
Rehati hai Jahan Rasool-e-Arabi ki Awlaad.”
“In the foothill of the Himalaya mountain is Hallaur located,
Where dwells the progeny of Arab's Prophet (Mohammad).”
Some Six centuries ago, a Noble Family of Sayyids, migrated from the Holy City of Mashhad (Iran) to India during the Mughal period. In stages, one of the descendants of Syed Meer Shah Nizam Mashhadi came and settled down to an uninhabited and undeveloped area in the Himalayan Valley near the Northern border of India. Syed Meer Shah Abdur Rasool the descendant of Syed Nizam Mashhadi later came to be known as “Meera Baba”. Meera means Syed and Baba means an elderly person or a father. He was a devout Twelver Shiite. He had his lineage from the 9th Shiite Imam Muhammad al-Taqi al Jawwad. It is a notable authenticated fact that all Sayyids known as Razavi, Rizvi or Ridawi are actually Taqawi Sayyids, Rizvi Sayyids are the direct descendants of Imam Muhammad al-Taqi al Jawwad, an eighth descendant of Prophet Mohammad and ninth Twelver Shiite Imam. Imam Ali al Reza also known as Al Imam Ali al-Rida had no son other than Imam Muhammad al-Taqi al Jawwad. If at all he had other sons than Imam Muhammad al-Taqi, then their offspring should have been called Ridawi, Rizvi or Razavi Sayyids. But Since Imam Ali al Reza came to Iran and died in Tous many descendants of his son Imam Muhammad al-Taqi were also called Rizvis. Rizvis are from the children of Imamzadah Musa al Mubarraqa, the son of Imam Muhammad al-Taqi al Jawwad whose tomb is located in Chihil Akhtaran graveyard in Qom city of Iran. Shahzada Ahmad was the son of Musa al Mubarraqa, his tomb is also in Chihil Akhtaran besides his father's tomb. Direct Descendants of these personalities are Rizvi Sayyids, Sabzevar was the inhabited land of Rizvis in Iran before their migration to Indian subcontinent.
Meera Baba's tomb is in the heartland of Hallaur and old natives of Hallaur who regard him as their ancestor revere him a lot. Every year birth anniversary of Meera Baba is celebrated and attended huge number of people. Besides a huge gathering pay their homage and recite verses of Holy Quran at his tomb daily especially on every Thursday. As per historical evidences Mughal Emperor Alamgir II visited Hallaur and he was so much impressed by Meera Baba's history that he gifted seven villages to Meera Baba's descendants settled there. Shah Abdur Rasool Trust is still functional in Hallaur. The trust (trustee must be the eldest son of Meera Baba's family) is responsible for maintenance of Bada Imambargah, maintenance of tomb of Meera Baba, organizing anniversaries etc. Day of Ashura procession on 10th Moharram, mourning procession of 7th Moharram and similar other processions are organized by the trust (Waqf) round the year from the grants released by Shia Central Waqf Board in favor of Waqf Shah Alamgir II.
It has been said by the local Hallauris that Meer Shah Abdur Rasool faced hard-hitting confrontation from the Magicians settled in Hallaur who were known as “Tharus”. The Tharus asked Meera Baba to prove himself being a true Syed and show some miracle against their magical performances. Meera Baba once brushing his teeth with a Reetha stick sowed the same in the land within the premises of Today’s Jama Masjid of Hallaur. Within a fraction of few days a plant was grown from that place. That miraculous tree is still alive at the entrance of Jama Masjid. Hallauris keep the leaves of that tree as trophy. All Hallauris believe that as long as Meera Baba is in Hallaur, this a secured place. Apart from this Meera baba confronted Tharus with another miracles like asking wall to walk as he was riding it, asking a virgin cow to give milk etc. Tharus later left Hallaur and it's believed that they migrated to Bengal part of India or to the neighboring country Nepal crossing the Rapti River where the Tharus are still in existence. This area was named Hallaur. It is a prominent place near Domariaganj in District of Siddharthnagar of Uttar Pradesh in India. Generally the natives of this area are small Landlords and Agriculturist by profession but since generations have also become highly educated and can be found in all walks of life, they have entered in other professions as well. Many educated Doctors, Engineers, Lawyers Businessmen, Teachers and Corporate Professionals can be found in Hallaur or outside Hallaur who are of Hallauri Origin. But most of the professionals are found either in big cities or in other countries. Generally they visit Hallaur on few occasions if they are married to a Hallauri Syedani [Syed Lady]. Hallaur was actively involved in first war of Indian Independence. Begum Hazrat Mahal of Awadh who was also Shiite, took refuge on her way towards Nepal when she was being chased by British Army. Her small contingent with the help of local people ambushed British contingent and assassinated two British officers. The memorial/tomb of those officers are near Ekgharwa village (at that time there was only one house in that village). Hallauris faced regime's hostility and were subjected to punishment for their support in war of Independence by British Army.
As per Official figure of the Census held in India in 2001, Hallaur has a population of approximately 6000 people with very close proportion of 50-50 percent men & women of entire population. However, after amalgamation of neighboring Bhatangwa village with that of Hallaur, now Bhatangwa is part of Hallaur and with that Hallaur has an estimated total population of approximately 18000 to 20,000 people including those of the adjoining areas and newly merged village into Hallaur. Residents of Hallaur are referred as Hallauris. Most of the Hallauris practice the Shia Islam religion with considerable population of other faiths such as Sunni Muslims, Hindus, Buddhists and a dozen of Christians. Christians also have their missionary School and Hospital named as St. Thomas on Highway No. 26 of Hallaur.
Most of the Hallauri Muslims are Twelver Shiites . Around 85% of entire population is Muslim out of which more than 90% Shiites are from the Syed families, they are predominantly devout Shias. Other 15% of population has Buddhists and Dalits, Hindus and Christian population.
The Dalits settled in Hallaur have decades old history of being persecuted by the upper caste Hindus during the British rule even years after independence Caste system in India prevailed. They were granted permission by Syed Landlords to settle down with their families in Hallaur along with that they were also provided with free land for their shelter by the local Landlords of Hallaur. A separate locality of Dalits still exists in Hallaur on the land provided by Syeds.
Dalits being the persecuted and most downtrodden community not only in Uttar Pradesh but in entire India still respect the Hallauri Syeds for coming to their rescue at a time when they were chased down by the local upper caste Hindus.
Education and literacy
The literacy rate amongst the people is considerably higher than other people living in surrounding area. Due to unemployment people of this town are compelled to work in Mumbai, Chennai and Middle Eastern countries for their living apart from local traders who are the backbone of the economy of this town. A substantial number of people are also working in government sector but they mostly live in their respective cities.
Further, in due course of time, this area has developed and become the center of social, general and religious educational activities. A few big and small Educational Institutes and Religious educational institutes like Madrasas, Primary Schools, and High-schools have been formed from time to time and are running successfully. Schools established in Hallaur are Modern School and St. Thomas School. The Modern school was established by Late Hashmat Ali, Ghalib Husain, Mohd Iliyas, Samar Hallauri, Mohammad Husain, Ishtiyaq Hussain, Itait Husain and Dr Moti (Moti doctor) etc. in 1952. District board also runs four schools (including 2 for girls) and two primary schools. There are some privately run schools in Hallaur, the prominent being Al Moosavi school. Makhtab and Madrasas are preferred sources of Religious education for all preferably for Women. Fine Arts, craft and composition of Urdu poetry are major hobbies of native Hallauris. However no artist ever emerged above district level. Hallaur has hosted All India Shia Conference which was attended by important religious leaders and yearly programme of “Anjuman Wazeefa Sadaat wa Momineen.” Halluaries are the most educated people in this entire region but now due to excessive competition from Public Montessori School of Domariaganj the education sector in halluar is in a stage of closing .
Culture and religion
Being a Shiite dominated town, Hallaur is becoming a Shiite center of eastern part of Uttar Pradesh because of having a good population of Shia Muslims after a few cities of north India as huge gathering can be seen during the month of Moharram. The great and renowned scholar and theologian from Saran district of (Bihar) state of India “Allamah Sayyid Sa'id Akhtar Rizvi” who actively promoted Islam in East Africa and wrote number of books on Shiite theology and jurisprudence had served as Imam of Jama Masjid of Hallaur in his early days. Late Haider Mahdi who was also a good orator and was conferred with the title of Zaigham e Hind [Lion of India]. Itrat Hallauri, Qais Hallauri and Allamah Samar Hallauri are all time great poets Hallaur has ever produced. Khurshid Hallauri,Jamal Hallauri and Shakeel Hallauri are known for their classic poetry writing. Mayal Hallauri and Baqar Hallauri teachers by profession were also local poets. Sada-e-Dil [Voice of the Heart] was the epic which was composed and recited by Allamah Samar Hallauri on the opening day of All India Shia Conference(AISC). He was conferred the title of 'Allamah'by AISC presided by ‘Maulana Kalbe Abbas’ the present Imam of the Jama Masjid. More than half of the population of this place is scattered throughout the world and other places like Gorakhpur, Lucknow, Delhi, Aligarh, Bangalore, Pune and Mumbai. Most of the immigrants of this town are well connected to their roots as they frequently visit their motherland especially during the month Moharram. A monthly Hindi magazine 'Dost Ki Baat' edited by Nafees Haider Hallauri and a newspaper named Hallaur Sandesh edited by Roshan Rizvi had also given glimpses of Hallauri thoughts and culture. They are a unique community and most of them have the same resemblance because they marry within their community with some exceptions.
“Anjuman Farogh Matam” [Green Party] and oldest “Anjuman Guldasta Matam” [Black Party] are the registered organizations behind all religious activities of Hallauris living in or outside Hallaur. “Anjuman Urooj Matam” is the youth wing of Farogh Matam and “Anjuman Ghuncha Matam” is the youth wing of Guldasta Matam. Every Hallauri is either affiliated to Farogh Matam or Guldasta Matam. Unlimited religious activities are performed by both parties round the year. Locally Farogh Matam is named as Hari [Green] Party whereas Guldasta Matam is nicknamed as Kali/Safed [Black] Party. Almost every Religious scholar of the country has visited Hallaur once or more to participate in Majlises organized by Farogh Matam and Guldasta Matam since almost last 100 years. Maulana Hasan Abbas Fitrat, Ilmul Hasan, Maulana Chand, Alhaj Tafseer Hasan, Maulana Lakhte jigar, Jamal Haider, Qaiser Abbas and his son Khushter Abbas, Er. Mehdi Abbas and Er. Aftab Haider and many other religious Scholars of Hallauri origin are doing their best to propagate Islamin different parts of India and world. . “Anjuman Yadgare Husaini” is the mother Anjuman of all Anjumans. Late Ali Hasan Tehsildar was the person who had institutionalized and streamlined the activities of this Anjuman and was instrumental in making it financially strong. Karbala of Hallaur is a major place of mourning for Imam Husain ibn Ali. Earlier it was only for burial of Taziya and few other occasional events but in recent past Karbala has emerged as an important place of worship and social gatherings. A Mosque-cum-Imambargah was constructed by (Late)Er. Sayyid Badrul Hasan in the premises of Karbala (later he constructed another Imambargah in old Karbala) A wave of construction activities started since then. Several shrines are constructed in recent past and several constructions are underway.
Shrines so far constructed in Karbala premises of Hallaur are as follows:
Shrine of Imam Ali bin Abi Talib
Shrine of Syedah Zainab bint Ali
Shrine of Imam Zayn al-Abidin Al-Sajjad
Shrine of Imam Ali al Reza.
Shrines planned to be constructed in Karbala premises of Hallaur as of March 2010:
Shrine of Syedah Fatimah Zahra daughter of Prophet Mohammad.
Shrine of Abbas ibn Ali, already a Dargah in name of Bab ul Hawaej Abbas ibn Ali exists in Hallaur.
Shrine of Syedah Sakinah bint Husayn, already a small Imambargah exists in name of Sakinah Bint al Husain within Hallaur.
Azadari and other religious observances
Azadari in Hallaur is known all over India, its done with great fervor. The practice of not cooking food at home on the day of Ashura is still prevalent in Hallaur. People abstain from cooking at home only if someone dies within their family, and that day they are provided with meal by their neighbors or near relatives. This is done ever year on the day of Ashura, people cook meals at their homes for their neighbors and then distribute within each other. Taziya procession on the day of Ashura is carried out with much devotion in Hallaur. Hallaur has an history of Azadari which is done in great zeal.
Taziya processions apart from day of Ashura are also carried out by Shiites on the following days:
Day of Arbaeen also known as Chehlum in Hallaur falls 40 days after the day of Ashura.
25th of Moharram in commemoration of fourth Shiite Imam Ali ibnil Husain Zayn al-Abidin.
9th of Zil Hijjah in commemoration of martyrdom of Muslim ibn Aqeel cousin of Imam Husain ibn Ali who was captured and martyred in Kufa on this day.
28th of Safar in commemoration of Prophet Mohammad's Death and Martyrdom of second Shiite Imam Hasan ibn Ali on same day.
Chup Tazia on 8th of Rabi'-ul-Awwal in commemoration of martyrdom of eleventh Shiite Imam Hasan al Askari
28th of Rajab in memory of Imam Husain ibn Ali's last day in Medina before he headed towards Karbala.
Tatbeer or Qama-Zani, Zanjeer Zani and Matam on Fire are also done in Hallaur. Most of the Hallauris are in Taqlid of Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani who has sanctioned Zanjeer Zani and Tatbeer. Zainab bint Ali Day organized by Abbas brothers, Abbas Day organized by Alam brothers and Mahfile Noor organized by Farogh Matam are held every year with much devotion. Around 4 decades earlier late Nafis Ahmad Rizvi Advocate started programme named Sham-e-Ghariban and this programme became highly acclaimed .Now this programme is carried out by Zakir-e-Ahlebayte Maulana Khushtar Abbas Rizvi.
Imambargahs in Hallaur are the places which contribute to the cause of mourning of Imam Husain ibn Ali and these are centers of religious gatherings in Moharram. A big new Imambargah is under construction in the vicinity of Hallaur bazaar. Besides Jama Masjid there are five Mosques of Shia community and one of Sunni community.
List of Imambargahs in Hallaur:
Imambargah Waqf Shah Alamgir II also known as Bada Imambargah constructed on the land donated by Shah Alamgir II
Babul Baba ka Imambargah
Seth Baba ka Imambargah
Dargah Bab ul Hawaej Abbas ibn Ali ( Pachchon [West] Imambargah)
Nirmalain Bua Imambargah
Shafayat Sahab Imambargah
Imambargah of Karbala
Faham Sahab Imambargah
Jannat al Baqi Imambargah in memory of demolished shrines in Jannat al Baqi, Saudi Arabia .
Shiva temple of Hallaur is an holy place of worship for Hindus. A fair on the occasion of Maha Shivratri is held every year with huge gathering of Hindus coming from far off to attend the fair. Hallaur also has a Hindu temple named as Kali Mandir. It is also interesting that land for Shivalaya, Seeta Garahiya and Kali Mandir was donated by Hallauri Landlord Syed Mohammad Haider son of late Shabbir Hasan with the consent of his grandfather Late Hashmat Ali Numberdar.
Jama Masjid and managing committee
A Central 'Jama Masjid' was constructed by the orders of Nawab of Lucknow about two centuries back. The present "Jama MasjidD" was rebuilt in 1930's. This Mosque has, since then, been reconstructed, expanded and repaired from time to time with locally available resources, techniques and materials. Jama Masjid is a centrally managed Mosque, it is also the biggest Mosque of Hallaur and organizes the weekly Friday Congregational prayer along with the daily prayers.
The Jama Masjid’s managing committee known as “Anjuman-e-Yadgar-e-Hussaini” looks after all affairs pertaining to the management of the Masjid community Graveyards, Madrasas and Makhtab. “Anjuman-e-Yadgar-e-Hussaini” is one of the oldest registered religious organization of Hallaur. The present Imam of the Jama Masjid is ‘Hujjatul Islam Maulana Waseem Raza Zaidi’. Considered as the mother organization of all organizations in Hallaur "Anjuman-e-Yadgar-e-Hussaini" is actively involved in organizing various religious activities in Hallaur. The notable tomb of Shah Abdur Rasool and his miraculous Reetha tree are also within the premises of Jama Masjid.
Hallauris outside Hallaur and their religious activities
Mumbai is believed to be having the largest Hallauri population outside Hallaur. The majority of Hallauris live in clusters in Govandi and other areas of Mumbai like Andheri(Mograpada), Mira Road, Mumbra, Bandra, Kurla and Navi Mumbai. Anjuman Haideri Hallaur is a registered body of Hallauris in Mumbai established in 1952. Earlier before migrating to Govandi, most of the Hallauris were settled in Dongri an area in South Mumbai. Anjuman Haideri Hallaur is doing considerable job in Lucknow,Delhi, Aligarh and Gorakhpur. Hallaur Association in Gorakhpur is a social-cum-religious platform of Hallauris residing in Gorakhpur. It organizes mourining procession of 5th Muharram and Ashura every year. Religious activities are being organized in Delhi and Lucknow also.
Anjuman Haideri Hallaur is Currently headed by Syed Khadim Abbas Rizvi as president and Syed Mukhtar Rizvi as General Secretary of the Anjuman. Hallauris are independent, and all these events are done by donations. ImamBargah –e- Haidery Hallaur, a Masjid cum Imam Bargah is built by Hallauris in Govandi. This Anjuman has a programme in the month of Safar, a Juloos where 72 Tabuts [Coffins] are carried by the mourners of the Martyrs of Karbala. Hallauri Sayyids are a fair complexioned looking race because of their middle eastern ethnicity.
Arbaeen (Arbayeen) or Chehlum [40th Day of Imam Husayn (as) Martyrdom Anniversary in Karbala]:
Arbaeen (Arbayeen) or Chehlum [40th Day of Imam Husayn (as) Martyrdom Anniversary]Arbaeen (Arbayeen) means "forty" in Arabic, or Chehlum, as it is known by Urdu-speaking Muslims, is a Shia religious observation that occurs 40 days after the Day of Ashura (Aashura/Ashurah), the commemoration of the martyrdom by beheading of Imam Husayn Ibn Ali (as), the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) which falls on the 20th day of the second month of the Islamic Lunar Calendar called as Safar. Imam Husayn Ibn Ali (as) and 72 supporters died in the Battle of Karbala in the year 61 AH (680 CE). Forty days is the usual length of the time of mourning in many Islamic cultures.
Number forty is mystic in Theosophy. According to the Islamic culture if someone practices a good deed constantly during forty days, it would be his inseparable attribute and lead to descending of Allah's blessing. In some religions forty days and forty nights praying has been special position.
When Prophet Musa / Moses (pbuh) prayed forty nights; found the ability to hear the words of Allah (SWT), "And when We appointed a time of forty nights with Musa, then you took the calf (for a god) after him and you were unjust." [Glorious Quran 2:51]
Prophet Muhammad (saw) said, "Whoever dedicates himself to Allah (SWT) for forty days, will find springs of wisdom sprout out of his heart and flow on his tongue."
Commemorating of the fortieth day of deeds by their family and giving alms is one of the common customs among some of the Muslims.
The 40th [Arbaeen (Arbayeen) or Chehlum] marks an important turning point in the movement of Karbala (Kerbala). This day, which is no less important to the day of Ashura (Aashura/Ashurah) is important for many reasons - the prime being that the Ahlul Bayt reached the land of Karbala on this day and performed the visitation to Sayyid ash-Shuhada al-Husayn (as) and the loyal family and friends who gave their life for the cause of Islam.
Although the historians differ on when this event transpired; some say it was in the same year of the massacre in Karbala in the year 61 AH, whilst other say it was in the following year 62 AH. Whatever the case, the atrocities and difficulties which the family of Prophet Muhammad (saw) was put through in the court of Yazid and the long ride to Karbala culminated on the 20th of Safar on the empty plains of Karbala.
According to most widely accepted traditions, the family of Prophet Muhammad (saw) remained in captivity for about a year in Damascus by Yazid, the Umayyad Caliph. After one year when the ruler of Shaam (Syria) were forced to release them, Bibi Zainab (sa) said to Imam Ali ibn al-Husayn as-Sajjad (as) that she wanted to go back to Karbala to mourn his brother and all the martyrs of Karbala. The same was desired by other women of this caravan and Imam Ali ibn al-Husayn as-Sajjad (as) directed them towards Karbala.
The grave of Imam Husayn Ibn Ali (as) was not desolate as some may expect. Rather, as the Ahlul Bayt were approaching Karbala, there were a few people already at the grave, marking his martyrdom with tears. The individual, who had been a companion of Prophet Muhammad (saw) - Jabir ibne Abdullah al-Ansari (who at this point was blind) - along with his assistant (Atiyya bin Saad), had made the trek from Madina to the place of martyrdom of his Imam and master, Imam Husayn Ibn Ali (as). Jabir ibne Abdullah al-Ansari (ra) called out to his Imam, "I testify that you are the son of the Seal of the Prophets, the son of the Master of the Faithful, the son of the inseparable ally of piety, the descendant of guidance." His servant, Atiyya bin Saad noted to him that he could see a caravan of people in the distance and they were approaching this sacred site. As they approached, they realized that this was none other than the caravan of present Imam, Ali ibn al-Husayn as-Sajjad (as) with the other family members and assistants!
The historians note that at this point, Jabir ibne Abdullah al-Ansari (ra) and his assistant, Atiyya bin Saad, moved out of the way so that the women of the Ahlul Bayt and the others could show their grief at the sacred grave in privacy and according to reports, the heads of the martyrs were also buried at this point in time - as before leaving Shaam (Syria), they were given back the sacred heads of the martyrs.
According to a famous saying of Imam Hasan Askari (as) - there are five characteristics of a Momin (faithful):
1. Performing fifty-one (51) Rakaat Prayer (Salat) during the day and night in 24 hours;
* Fajr - 2 Wajib and 2 Nafl,
* Zuhr - 4 Wajib and 8 Nafl,
* Asr - 4 Wajib and 8 Nafl,
* Maghrib - 3 Wajib and 4 Nafl,
* Ishaa - 4 Wajib and 1 Nafl (2 Rakaat in sitting position counted as 1 Rakaat),
* Namaz-e-Shab or Tahajjud - 11 Rakaat Sunnat
2. Recitation of Ziarat-E-Imam Husayn (as) on the 40th day of his martyrdom (20th of Safar) called as Ziyarat-E-Arbaeen;
3. Wearing Aqeeq Ring in the right hand;
4. To put the forehead on the earth (preferably on the earth of Karbala, Khak-E-Shifa) in prostration (Sajda); and
5. To pronounce "Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem" in clear and loud voice while praying the Salat.
The occasion of Arbaeen (Arbayeen) or Chehlum reminds the faithful of the core message behind Imam Husayn's martyrdom: establishing justice and fighting injustice, no matter what its incarnation - a message that strongly influenced subsequent Shia uprisings against the tyranny of Umayyad and Abbasid rule.
These forty days are a suitable opportunity for people to develop the love of Imam Husayn (as) and hate his murderers, in their hearts. Forty consecutive days, from Ashura up to Arbaeen, also is a national ceremony of aversion announcement from oppressors of the history.
O Husayn, commemoration of your revolution from Ashura up to Arbaeen makes the world pay attention to the message of the resurrection. Ashura is martyrdom day of the history makers and Arbaeen is pilgrimage day of Ashura makers.
Arbaeen philosophy shows itself, and we can teach martyrdom lesson from this class and prepare ourselves in order to help our master Imam Mahdi (as) [May Allah hasten his reappearance].
Ziyarat-E-Arbaeen, Ziyarat of ArbaeenAs a sign of loyalty to the martyrs, we have been ordered to recite the Ziyarat of Arbaeen on the day of Arbaeen.
Why is so much importance given to the performance of the Ziyarat-E-Arbaeen and the observance of Arbaeen (40 days of mourning)?
Ziyarat, as we all know is a visitation, which in essence, is the act of speaking with and visiting our role models. Of course the physical manifestation of the Ziyarat is actually being present in Karbala to perform the Ziyarat-E-Arbaeen, but, in reality, that is not possible for every believer. So, does making Ziyarat while not in Karbala give one the same benefits? Ahadith tell us that performing the Ziyarat of Imam Husayn (as) far from Karbala would hold the same significance as being in the land of Karbala, as long as the person performing the Ziyarat has truly understood the status of the Imam Husayn (as) and seeks to emulate him.
Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (as) states that the heavens wept over Imam Husayn (as) for forty mornings, rising red and setting red. As we complete 40 days of remembrance of our Imam, we re-assert our pledge of obedience and loyalty to him,
"I bear witness that you are the Imam (who is) the upright, the pious, well-pleased (with Allah), the pure, the guide and the rightly-guided. I bear witness that you fulfilled the pledge of Allah and you struggled in His way.I am a friend of whoever befriends him ..."
By performing the Ziyarat-E-Arbaeen, we pledge that we will continue to follow the path of justice and righteousness and will reject injustice and speak up against the oppressors of the time; I am an enemy of whoever is his enemy...
In essence, we make a promise to continue to mold our lives according to the teaching of Imam Husayn (as). But why is it that we mourn and remember Imam Husayn (as) for a period of forty days and then move on?
Our Prophet Muhammad (saw) has said, "The earth mourns the death of a believer for forty mornings." Therefore it appears that the deceased should be remembered and mourned over for a period of forty days. Performing an act for a continuous period of forty days is also known to help one to not just form a habit, but also to carry on the practice for the rest of his life.
If we look at studies dealing with bringing a lifestyle change, we notice the time period emphasized to bring about a change is usually 6 weeks which is about the same time period as 40 days (to be exact it is 42 days).
In the book 40 Days to Personal Revolution: A Breakthrough Program to Radically Change Your Body and Awaken the Sacred Within Your Soul, the author Baron Baptiste explains the significance of forty days:
Why forty days? Because the number 40 holds tremendous spiritual significance in the realm of transformation. Jesus wandered in the desert for forty days in order to experience purification and come to a greater understanding of himself and his mission. Moses and his people traveled through the desert for forty years before arriving at their home in the holy land. Noah preserved the sacredness of life by sailing his ark for forty days and forty nights. According to the Kabbalah, the ancient Jewish mystical text, it takes forty days to ingrain any new way of being into our system...
Reciting particular Duas for a period of 40 days is highly recommended in our practices as well. The unit 40 (forty) is said to be very effective. If a particular Dua is recited 40 times, or 40 people gather to recite it, or it is recited for 40 days then its effectiveness is highly increased.
It is reported from Imam Jaffer Sadiq (as) that whoever recites Dua-E-Ahad for forty days, after morning prayers will be amongst the helpers of the 12th Imam Mahdi (as). Visitation of the shrine of Imam Husayn (as) as well as Masjid-E-Sahla for 40 consecutive Thursdays is also very highly recommended and is one of the acts that promises a visit from the 12th Imam Mahdi (as).
Thus, as we perform the Ziyarat-E-Arbaeen and commemorate the Arba'een, 40 days of mourning of Imam Husayn (as), we hope and pray that this forty days of remembrance of Imam Husayn (as), brings about a transformation in us by which we can continue to follow the path of Imam Husayn (as) and carry on his message of upholding justice with true faith and a strong sense of sacrifice!
I had a very serious accident my tendon got cut when someone was pulling the kama from my hand today after 5 years my right hand is totally permanently damaged...
Bachein toh aglay baras hum hain aur yeh gham phir hae Jo chal basein toh yeh apna salaame aaqir hae
We Are Shias
Yes we bleed
A pledge indeed
In memory of
Who gave his head
But for his life
Or for the survival
of his family
Did not plead
He gave his 6 months
Old Ali Ashgar a Mujhaideen
Such sacrifice never seen
He gave Ali Akbar aged eighteen
To protect Allahs honor and
Yes Shia children
Shia mothers wean
On Faith of our Imam
We do lean
Shedding blood is a
Allah Ho Akbar
Enemies of Shiasm
Call us heretics
And find this obscene
But unlike them
We do not kill innocent
People in the name of Jihad
And use Allah as a smoke screen
The chant of Ya Hussain
Perforates their spleen
A cry that lies unhidden in our gene
A heart beat of Koran Sura Yasin
Hussain kept it alive against
A Yazidi killing machine
Shah ast Hussain , Baadshah ast Hussain
Deen ast Hussain, Deen panah ast Hussain
Sar dad no daad dast dar dast-e-Yezid
Haq ke bena la -ila ast Hussain
With his Blood he did clean from
The apostasy of Yazid the Serpent Seed
The son of Satan in between
innocence now your sanctimonious sympathies we do not need
this is one file that yazidiyat on the sands of Karbala could not delete
The most disgusting
The most abusive
Most refuted word
A four letter bad word
Corrupt weakens flesh
Interrupts cavernous hopes
Disrupts volcanic volatile
Venom erupts hate transferred
An exclamation mark abrupt
End result both giver and recipient
A Gift To Shri Balasaheb Thackeray From A Barefeet Blogger Of Mumbai, a photo by firoze shakir photographerno1 on Flickr.
176,921 items / 1,386,311 views
of all indians
those who rob
this golden pot
will never stand justice
will never get caught
he does not hate
the anti national bigot
time of calamity
always on the spot
i send from one
poet to another
a flower of peace
my camera lens
as a poem
Would You Wish The Holy Prophet PBUH Naya Sal Mubarak On Moharam, a photo by firoze shakir photographerno1 on Flickr.
Ro Ro Ke Nabi [ saww] hotay hain behal Mubarak?
Barbad Moharam main hue Aal [saww] Mubarak?
Dam Tum Main agar Hai Toh
Mohammed [saww ]se bhi kehdo
Hussain [as] huey katl
Naya Sal Mubarak
couplet sent to me by a friend in Dubai
Salam qaak nasheenoun pah soghwaroun ka
Ghareeb detey hain pursa tumhare pyaroun ka
Salam un pah jinhe sharm khaye jaati hae
Khule saroun pah aseeri ki qaak aati hae
Salam us pah joh zehmat kashe salasil hae
Museebatoun mein imaamat ki pehli manzil hae
Salam bhejtey hain apni shahzadi par
Ke jisko soump gaye marte waqt ghar Sarwar
Musafirat ne jise bebasi yeh dikhlaayi
Nisaar kar diye bachhe na bach saka bhayi
Aseer hoke jise shaamiyoun ke narghe mein
Hussainiyat hae sikhana Ali ke lehje mein
Sakina bibi tumhare ghulam haazir hain
Bujhe joh pyaas toh ashkoun ke jaam haazir hain
Pahaad raat badi der hae saverey mein
Kahan ho shaame ghareeban ke ghup andheray mein
Zameene garm yateemi ki saqtiyaan bibi
Woh seena jis pah ke so-ti thi ab kahan bibi
Yeh sin yeh hashr yeh sadmay naye naye bibi
Kahan pa baithi ho qaime toh jal gaye bibi
Janab maadarey besheer ko bhi sab ka salaam
Ajeeb waqt hae kya dein tassaliyoun ka payaam
Abhi kaleje mein ek aag si lagi hogi
Abhi toh goadh ki garmi na kam huvi hogi
Na is tarah koi kheti hari bhari ujdey
Tumhari maang bhi ujdi hae goadh bhi ujdi
Nahin andheray mein kuch soojhta kahaan dhoondein
Tumhara chand kahan chup gaya kahan dhoondein
Nahin layeenoun mein insaan koyi Quda hafiz
Darinde aur yeh bewaarisi Quda hafiz
Salam turn pah shaheedon ke bekafan laasho
Salam turn pah rasool-o-Batool ke pyaaro
Bachein toh aglay baras hum hain aur yeh gham phir hae
Jo chal basein toh yeh apna salaame aaqir hae
Salam e Akhir written By Aal’e Raza Marhoom.
Shah-e-Mardan Sher-e-Yazdan Quwat-e-Parwardigar Lafata Ila Ali La Saif Ila Zulfiqar , originally uploaded by firoze shakir photographerno1 ....
Ek Shahenshah Ne Banake Yeh Haseen Tajmahal Ham Gareebon Ki Mohabbat Ka Udaya Hai Mazak.. , a photo by firoze shakir photographerno1 on Fli...